Dietary fiber can be found in fruits, vegetables and grains. The body does not digest fiber. A low-fiber diet indicates eating foods that do not contain much fiber and that are easily digested. This is useful for patients with various bowel problems or patients who have undergone bowel surgery. Some patients have to follow this diet for only a short time to give the intestines a rest, but others need to consume a low-fiber diet for a long time. A referral to a dietitian is sometimes necessary for help with meal planning. Foods with a lower fat content and added sugars are a good option. A low-fiber diet often does not offer the variety of foods that the body normally needs to stay healthy. The dietitian or doctor may therefore recommend supplements,
Some patients are also advised to use a low-fiber diet after an intestinal operation. This applies especially when, for example, they have undergone an ileostomy or colostomy.
Content of diet with little fiber
A low-fiber diet provides the body with protein, liquid, salt and vitamins and minerals . This diet consists of foods that a patient normally also eats, such as boiled vegetables, fruit, white bread and meat.
Bread and cereals
Patients may eat refined white breads, dry grains (such as puffed rice , cornflakes), farina, white pasta and crackers. However, these foods must contain less than 2 grams of fiber per portion.
The patient may eat cooked meat, fish, poultry, eggs , soft peanut butter and tofu. The meat must be soft.
Fruit juices without pulp and lots of fruit in tins or fruit sauces, such as applesauce, are allowed. Raw fruits that the patient is allowed to eat are very ripe apricots , bananas and melons, honey melons, watermelons, nectarines , papayas , peaches and plums .
The following raw vegetables are allowed with a low-fiber diet:
cucumbers (without seeds or peel)
lettuce (shredded, first in small quantities)
Fats, oils and sauces
The patient may eat butter, margarine, oil, mayonnaise, ketchup, whipped cream, sour cream, salad dressing, soy sauce and soft sauces. Gentle herbs are also allowed. Bright jellies, honey and syrup are also allowed.
Patients must also drink sufficient fluids, especially if they suffer from diarrhea. Water is a good option. Also caffeine-free drinks, milk, juices made without seeds or pulp ( apple juice , no pulp orange juice and cranberry juice ) are recommended.