It depends on the course of the disease (acute, persistent, partial or complete blockage) and condition of the patient. There are diet plan before and after the operation. Diet plan for the surgical treatment is typically required for the persistent disease course.
Diet after surgery of bowel blockage
After this operation the very first 10-12 hours, you can not even drink. The client is administered through the nose tube, through which the stomach periodically eliminates all contents. Eating after the operation is carried out parenterally, that is, bypassing the gastrointestinal system. To do this, the patient is administered intravenously everything you require in the form of nutrient services in the rectum. After a couple of days (usually 3-5) administered through a stomach tube a combination of nutrients. If the patient’s condition allows, the probe is gotten rid of and the patient consumes. These can be blends or nutritional milk products, which are presented slowly and frequently.
A few days after the operation (when is – identified by the doctor) to absolutely no diet, which is designed to maximize schazheniya gastrointestinal tract. Nutrition of the patient consists of only liquid absorbable food with salt constraint, food is typically here (up to 6 times a day) and very small parts.
Slowly concentrated on the health of the client, on diet number 4 for clients after bowel surgery. This diet is specially designed for optimum mechanical and chemical schazheniya intestine and minimize fermentation processes. The everyday diet of the patient is restricted to carbohydrates and fats, fresh milk, fiber, sharp, spicy, salt and smoked dishes. All meals are steamed or prepared and wiped.
Slowly extend diet plan, and ultimately diet 4B in clients with conditions of the intestinal tract in the process of recovery. This diet supplies a good diet for conserving the intestinal tract. The diet plan is ending up being more varied, the food is not pureed. However all meals and steamed or cooked. And a couple of weeks (and in some cases months, depending upon the state of health) can be dieting except for the substantial fatty, fried, seasoned and smoked foods.
Diet plan in clients with persistent digestive obstruction
The main objective of the diet plan in chronic digestive obstruction – a regulation of the chair. To do this, the patient is designated to reasonably gentle mechanical energy. Since this diet plan is a consistent must be complete, consist of a sufficient amount of the body has proteins, fats, carbs, vitamins, macro and micro aspects. The food consists of quickly digestible foods (meat, cheese, and so on) that contain full-fledged proteins.
The meat hence be ground through meatballs, meat souffle, meatballs, pastries steam and so on. Useful dairy products, butter, cookies, apples and the like. Apples are advised to cut the peel and eat in moderate amounts, depending on the tolerance of – a lot of fibers may feel bloated. Well-lit spasm of the smooth muscles of the intestine warm food that feces on feces. Likewise should utilize an adequate liquid – the diluted stool. Irregularity recommended to use dried fruit (plums, apricots, figs) and during the night to drink a glass of fresh yogurt (kefir 3 causes constipation).
It is required to remove the crisp and salted spices, mouthwatering meat, fish and mushroom broth, blueberries, Strong tea, coffee and cocoa – these foods promote sluggish stool through the intestinal tracts. You can not consume items that add to flatulence, such as fresh cabbage, peas, beans, beets, and so on. Education provided faeces also contribute to items consisting of big amounts of calcium (home cheese). Cottage cheese is essential for the organism, but it is excessive susceptible to irregularity when it is not required.
The optimum should be observed throughout flare-mechanical bowel. You can get on the diet number 4 or number 4B, and after the aggravation pass, diet plan slowly broadened, however the fundamental concepts (mechanical and chemical schazheniya, use of easily absorbable food and a great quantity of fiber) stay, as are regular smaller meals.
Diet in patients with persistent intestinal blockage can avoid intensifying of the illness, preventing further worsening of the patient’s condition.